3 MAJOR HISTORICAL CRITICISMS OF THE BOOK OF MORMON by James Bishop

James Bishop's Theological Rationalism

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According to the founder of Mormonism, Joseph Smith, the Book of Mormon was an ancient native-American record written on golden plates. He proposed that he was guided to these tablets buried on a hill, and that God assisted him in translating them from Reformed Egyptian into English. However, the historical and textual accuracy of Smith’s work has become increasingly doubtful despite the fact that Smith declared the Book of Mormon “the most correct of any book on earth and the keystone of our religion” (1). Today, experts and scholars widely reject Smith’s account, and below we will examine several of the reasons why (2).

The Problem of Text and Language

Smith claimed that he translated the golden tablets he had found into English from a language known as Reformed Egyptian. To the contrary, historians argue that there is no evidence of a language known as…

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