Alternative explanations are offered in every criminal trial, but we can identify three characteristics of bad explanations to disqualify them quickly:

  1. The explanation is not supported by the evidence.
  2. The explanation attempts to errantly redefine the facts of the case.
  3. The explanation is logically contradictory.

When one of these three liabilities is identified in an argument, the explanation offerd is either inferior or fallacious.

– J. Warner Wallace, God’s Crime Scene